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Impact of Deficit Irrigation on Grapevine cv. ‘Touriga Nacional’ during Three Seasons in Douro Region: An Agronomical and Metabolomics Approach

  • Recherche,
  • Pharmacie,
  • Santé-Sciences-Technologie,
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Date(s)

du 9 mars 2022 au 30 juin 2023

Lieu(x)

Site Grandmont

EA2106 BBV - Biomolécules et Biotechnologies végétales

Impact of Deficit Irrigation on Grapevine cv. ‘Touriga Nacional’ during Three Seasons in Douro Region: An Agronomical and Metabolomics Approach , a collaborative article with Pr Geros from the University do Minho, (Portugal)

"Impact of Deficit Irrigation on Grapevine cv. ‘Touriga Nacional’ during Three Seasons in Douro Region: An Agronomical and Metabolomics Approach"  by  Cabral IL1, Teixeira A2, Lanoue A3, Unlubayir M3, Munsch T3, Valente J, Alves F4, da Costa PL4, Rogerson FS4, Carvalho SMP1, Gerós H2, Queiroz J2. Impact of Deficit Irrigation on Grapevine cv. ‘Touriga Nacional’ during Three Seasons in Douro Region: An Agronomical and Metabolomics Approach.
Plants. 2022; 11(6):732. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11060732

1GreenUPorto—Research Centre on Sustainable Agrifood Production/Inov4Agro & DGAOT, Faculty of Sciences, Campus de Vairão, University of Porto, Rua da Agrária 747, 4485-646 Vairão, Portugal
2Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology (CBMA), Department of Biology, Campus de Gualtar, University do Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
3EA2106 Biomolécules et Biotechnologies Végétales, Université de Tours, 37200 Tours, France
4Symington Family Estates, Vinhos SA, Travessa Barão de Forrester 86, 4431-901 Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The introduction of irrigation in vineyards of the Mediterranean basin is a matter of debate, in particular in those of the Douro Demarcated Region (DDR), due to the limited number of available studies. Here, we aimed to perform a robust analysis in three consecutive vintages (2018, 2019, and 2020) on the impact of deficit irrigation on the yield, berry quality traits, and metabolome of cv. ‘Touriga Nacional’. Results showed that in the peaks of extreme drought, irrigation at 30% crop evapotranspiration (ETc) (R30) was able to prevent a decay of up to 0.4 MPa of leaf predawn water potential (ΨPd), but irrigation at 70% ETc (R70) did not translate into additional protection against drought stress. Following three seasons of irrigation, the yield was significantly improved in vines irrigated at R30, whereas irrigation at R70 positively affected the yield only in the 2020 season. Berry quality traits at harvest were not significantly changed by irrigation, except for Total Soluble Solids (TSS) in 2018. A UPLC–MS-based targeted metabolomic analysis identified eight classes of compounds, amino acids, phenolic acids, stilbenoid DP1, stilbenoid DP2, flavonols, flavan-3-ols, di-OH- and tri-OH anthocyanins, and showed that anthocyanins and phenolic acids did not change significantly with irrigation. The present study showed that deficit irrigation partially mitigated the severe summer water deficit conditions in the DDR but did not significantly change key metabolites.